Witness to War is an eye-catching retelling of the war experience through private diaries kept by people from all walks of life and from many countries. The Second World War announced its arrival from distance and as early and spring-1938 city-dwellers across Europe expected destruction on an epic scale. Men, women and children, most of whom had never kept a diary before, began to chronicle their own responses to what they knew would be a unique moment in world history.
The cast of characters these diaries - more than three hundred in number - range from politicians, soldiers and spies to ordinary citizens and housewives, from a London schoolboy watching V-1 doodlebugs from his bedroom window to an interned German refugee robbed and beaten by British troops. Many others are famous, and this collection included rare material from figures such as Joseph Goebbels, Joyce Grenfell, Jean-Paul Sartre, Evelyn Waugh and Noel Coward. It also contains the diaries of many who were close to Winston Churchill and Adolph Hitler.
Most of these diaries involved a degree of dangers and secrecy. In occupied Europe keeping a diary could betray friends and relatives to the enemy. Some were downright illegal, such as those kept by soldiers in the frontline. More than half a century after the end of the war these hidden treasures - the voices of the past - are still being unearthed. Many of these accounts languished unread, unpublished and gathering dust in scholarly archives around the world.
This is war at first hand described in its most immediate terms, not mediated through the voice of peripheral observers or fading memory or political allegiances. Diaries kept on regular basis - especially those not artfully rewritten for posterity - capture the immediate and often surprising through of participants caught up in the first truly global war.
Richard J. Aldrich was born in 1961 and was educated at the universities of Manchester, Aberdeen and Cambridge. He has held a Fulbright fellowship at Georgetown University in Washington DC and is currently visiting Canberra and Ottawa as a Leverhulme fellow. He teaches international security at the University of Warwick and is Director of the Institute of Advanced Study. He is the author of several books including The Hidden Hand: Britain American and Cold War Secret Intelligence which won the Donner Book prize in 2002 and was shortlisted for the Westminster Medal. More recently he has auth...
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